Thursday, June 30, 2011

Beowulf

If you order your research paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on Beowulf. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality Beowulf paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in Beowulf, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your Beowulf paper at affordable prices with livepaperhelp.com!



One day barb and bill were playing. This day was sunday. How cool is the weather jack said. It is very nice indded. But thats you you the the the the said siad hat hat jack and the bean stalk jack and the bean stalk you are not god leave me alone at a a a a a a a good day sure Good day for sure you cats come ballin in south provo get shot up with a huge glock do not come neer us or you might just be gay stay away three peat is on the way never say on a z a a a a hat the cat sat at matt do not go in there oh for real that is off the chain could you leave me alone now? oh you cant well than we are going to have a few minor problems well glad to help not. I cant believe you wont let me register for this crappy website I mean I try to come on here and get some stuff but then you cats dont help me out. Its funny cuase I really dont care but if your going to have a website than please do something with it ya heard you teard punch them in the sock these cats be thinkin theyre pac. a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a


Please note that this sample paper on Beowulf is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on Beowulf, we are here to assist you. Your persuasive essay on Beowulf will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from livepaperhelp.com and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



Technogym, the wellness company. A critical evaluation

If you order your research paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on Technogym, the wellness company. A critical evaluation. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality Technogym, the wellness company. A critical evaluation paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in Technogym, the wellness company. A critical evaluation, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your Technogym, the wellness company. A critical evaluation paper at affordable prices with livepaperhelp.com!






International Business Strategy of Technogym®, The Wellness Company


A Critical Evaluation





Buy Technogym, the wellness company. A critical evaluation term paper





Table of Contents


THE FITNESS EQUIPMENT MARKET 4


EUROPEAN FITNESS MARKET 5


TECHNOGYM®, THE WELLNESS COMPANY 7


INTERNATIONAL, MULTINATIONAL OR GLOBAL? 10


CULTURAL DIVERSITY 1


MISSION IM-POSSIBLE 14


“THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING ERNEST” 1


(BRAND AWARENESS IN A BB CONTEXT) 1


CONCLUSIONS... 1


...AND IMPROVEMENTS 1


IN DETAILS


APPENDIX 4


REFERENCES 5


WEBSITES





Vladimir “You should have been a poet.”


Estragon “I was.” (Gesture towards his rags.) “Isn’t that obvious?” � S. Beckett


ABSTRACT This article is the result of an analysis of the International Strategy of an Italian fitness equipment company. It starts providing information about the popularity of fitness activities and lists reasons why people are attracted to them, in order to better set Technogym® in a business environment in which it operates.


Technogym®’s strategy has been analysed through a deductive method, comparing the firm to its main competitor and pointing out what the company actually did to become a leader of the European Fitness Equipment market.


Furthermore this paper will attempt to highlight the choice of the Italian company, as a small/medium business, for going global, analysing the main literature on globalisation concepts, and on small Italian manufacturers.


The conclusions have been dedicated to the potential gaps into Technogym®’s International Strategy to be eventually improved in order to enlarge their market share and built entry barriers in new markets such as China and East Europe.


The Value Chain model by Porter has been deliberately neglected since considered a traditional way to run a business. Such model is based on the company’s core competence and the product is its starting point (Bugatti & Di Martino, 00). Hence it is no longer suitable for a customer-oriented company as Technogym®. The Value Chain lacks of problem solving and network value. Instead a CRM and Kratzman’s models (see appendix) have been used to discourse on gaining strategic and competitive advantage.





THE FITNESS EQUIPMENT MARKET


The most important thing is to forecast where customers are moving and to be in front of them. � P. Kotler


According to the IHRSA report (001), in this past decade there has been a growing emphasis on the holistic or mind/body approach to exercise and this has effectively redefined the concept of fitness as people’s interest in adopting an active lifestyle extends beyond the physical benefits. The Wellness Industry is more luckily to be cited, where individual wellness is a continuum that aims not only at staying healthy and capable but also at extending one’s active life span and scope of life.


Among those who exercise regularly, the payoff is great, both physically and psychologically. At least half of 1,00 interviewees suggest that exercise has a positive impact on the following aspects


Source IHRSA, 001


In 000 and 001 gender needs and ego, key factors for preference of exercise, were replaced by the need to be healthy (Tekes report) hence the relationship between health and fitness (= wellness) is the key to the industry’s future.


Sources CENSIS, 00


1 17 00 007 01


EUROPEAN FITNESS MARKET


In 001 the European Market for Fitness Equipment reached a value of 1,116 million Euros (www.interconnectionconsulting.com), which is an increase of 4.8%, comparing it to 000 when the value was about 1,065 million Euros.


Prices of equipment have basically decreased as a result of market competition.


In details, Germany represents the biggest Fitness Equipment market, with a value of 5 million Euros, but Italy has the highest growth rate with 6.5%, followed by Spain (6.4%). The above table shows the trend of people who will exercise regularly in the future (in Italy).


UK and Ireland represent the second largest market in terms of value 1.% and quantity 0.5%. The European market is dominated by two big fitness equipment companies LifeFitness (the first company in the world) and Technogym®, the first in Europe.


It is interesting to notice that Spain is some years behind the other European countries,


Italy presents a strong growth potential market; USA, UK and Germany are somehow mature markets for fitness (Giusti & Scamper, 00).


Could this happen as Germany and USA are between innovation and wealth-driven stage and UK is in the wealth-driven one? It would mean that the industries have no longer motivations to invest and they begin to lose their competitive advantage. On the other hand, Italian companies should be willing to create new technology and methods through innovation, since Italy is supposed to be in the innovation-driven stage (Porter, 10).


The final part of the fitness puzzle is demography people in the world are living longer. From 010�00, the population of elderly aged 65�84 is expected to grow 80%, the under 65 population will grow just 7%.


Fitness manufactures are or should be aware of the changes. They know that the consumer is in control. Manufactures do not define market trends, consumers do.





TECHNOGYM®, THE WELLNESS COMPANY


There are three kinds of companies those who make things happen; those who watch things happen; and those who wonder what’s happened. � Anonymous


Technogym® was established on the 0th of October 18 by Nerio Alessandri. It is the European market leader in the fitness and biomedical rehabilitation equipment fields, the world’s second-largest fitness equipment company and the only one of the top six not US-owed.


• It employs more than 800 people in Italy and abroad, 100 or more of whom are employed in research and development;


• It has subsidiaries in the US, Brazil, Hong Kong, Great Britain, Germany, Benelux, France, Spain and Switzerland;


• It exports to over 60 countries worldwide;


• Its products have been chosen by over 5,000 Fitness Centres and 0,000 privates homes in 60 different countries;


• It now controls a share of 80% of the Italian market and this is its financial situation


YEARS 001


REVENUES + 0%


EBITDA + 16,4%


CASH FLOW + 8%


Source Il Sole 4 Ore, 00





The key factors for the company’s growth are


The implementation of the company was unplanned . Nerio Alessandri, a young man of years old, due to his love for sports and physical activity, joined a very poorly equipped fitness club. He immediately realized he could do something for that place. His first piece of fitness equipment, a Hack Squat machine, was designed and assembled in his own car shed. It was no long before a complete line of strength equipment had been conceived and produced. Since then, Technogym® has created an international network of subsidiaries and distributors, becoming a reference point for the whole industry, as of Nerio Alessandri’s commitment to incorporating continuous technological advancement with innovative product design. (www.technogym.it).


Technogym®, being initially a small business in any respect number of employees, capital invested, turnover, and also being owner managed, independent and lacking stock market quotation (cf. Agarval, 17), did not have the power for a price-based competition; therefore, it adopted a strategy of continuous product innovation based on design and, by incorporating high-quality functional characteristics, could increase its international competitiveness (cf. Bonaccorsi, 1).


In the first stage the company was centred on the domestic market and it had no intention to go international (www.smau.it). Subsequently, having the domestic market as a core market, it started to look for opportunities outside (Keegan, 15). As to an immature market, highly fragmented and without a leadership, Technogym® can be considered a pioneer of the fitness industry in Italy. It is worth to point out that when Body Building was a core exercise for gymnasiums, Technogym® was already talking about Fitness and when people started to take into high consideration the fitness concept, Alessandri came out with the Wellness idea. Therefore “Wellness” is its banner and Vision (Foa, 001).





INTERNATIONAL, MULTINATIONAL OR GLOBAL?


National developments have [...] driven changes in the global economy; even more than a so-called ‘globalisation’ has driven national evolution. � J. Zysman


Alessandri considers his company as global (Foa, 001) note that, in Italian, global means “che riguarda, interessa l’intero globo (=concerning/including the whole world)”.


According to Bartlett and Ghoshal (18), having a “Global Mentality” means to create standard products, assuming that customers have standard tastes. Products or services, or both are not supposed to meet local requirements. Main and strategic decisions are managed from the centre and subsidiaries are very much subordinate to the headquarters. “The same thing, the same way, everywhere.” (Levitt, T., 18) is this a keystone to become a successful company?


From my point of view, academic models are too much remote from reality so I would rather interpret ‘Globalisation’ in a much more flexible way, than crystallizing on such positions. Ohmae (18) argued “Globalisation � is about thinking global and acting local” or, even less specific, Robertson (1) stated that it was a phenomenon fostering awareness of the world.


Lazear (1) confirms that there is no firm truly global and as a model for his studies on ‘Globalisation’, chooses multinational firms provided that are in more than one country.


Zysman, (16) claimed that “Globalism is only an emblem. The suddenly pervasive intrusion of the notion of globalism is an effort by governments and companies to apply a label to a diverse package of changes that they do not understand”. Thus, a label for an era. At the beginning, these ‘labels’ or code words to devise an era have always a negative meaning. Later, a positive acceptation supersedes the negative one and, after a while, the code word becomes neutral. Figure A is a chart representing the “Code-Word Cycle”





Figure A At the beginning code words to define eras have negative meanings to become neutral as the time passes.


Another viewpoint is that the ‘global era’ began when (due to) Japanese, Korean and Taiwanese firms entered Western and mainly US market, in a dramatic competitive way (Dertouzon et al, 18). Such a tough ‘global’ competition required that firms urgently internationalise their operations (Palich & Gomez-Mejia, 1).


Especially culturally related ‘global’ firms had (still have) to adapt somewhat to maximize their performance over their markets (Palich & Gomez-Mejia, 1). Other studies have showed that adapting policies and practices, to make them suitable for contexts in which they do business, is a must for multinational firms (Brewster, 15; Dowling, Schuler & Welch, 14; Forster & Whipp, 15). Hence adaptation and flexibility are characteristics of global companies. From this perspective, Technogym® is ‘global’ it required world scale to realise its value, but the sources of its development remained internal. Product quality, price and reliability in delivery are its success factors (cf. Bonaccorsi, 1). The company’s approach to flexibility allow them to modify their product to cope with customer requirement. This is a “product adaptation to individual foreign customer requirements” (cf. Bonaccorsi, 1, p. 55).





CULTURAL DIVERSITY


Vulgarity is simply the conduct of other people. � O. Wilde


In a country where a cornerstone of its industry (FIAT) seems to be about to verge on bankruptcy and one of the reasons is the lack of R&D investments (for more than 10 years they invested less than 1%), Technogym® employs 10 people in R&D, including 50 electronics engineers and 0 software specialists and they invest 7% in Research, this is why they are always up to date, particularly when it is about technology (as it will be explained further on).


Furthermore, Italy is a large power distance and individualist country (Hofstede, 180), that is


• authority (managers) is obeyed with no questions;


• the number of levels in the hierarchy should match the power distance of the culture (Snodgrass & Sekaran, 18);


• the communications may create “one-up” situations as they go top-down;


• people tend not to be involved with groups and teams.


Within this context, Technogym® appears to be different. Cooperation is a strong element of its strategy and people working for them are called ‘collaborators’, thus, they are fully committed to the company and its vision. For two consecutive years (001 and 00) it was on the list of “Great places to work” companies (Vitale, 00). Thus, Trust is the “essential ingredient for the primary workplace relationship between the employee and the employer.





MISSION IM-POSSIBLE


If it works, it is obsolete. � N. Alessandri


Technogym® started as a small business , with less than 500 employees but sales greater than $500,000 (Baird, Lyles & Orris, 14). It focused on strength equipment rather than CV equipment, quickly changing and innovating the products (Cooper, 17).


When they first entered the international market they had to face a harsh reality; LifeFitness (Technogym®’s main competitor) was an industrial colossus, it had good margins to play with, reflected in a very competitive price plan. It was in the market for the long term and had deep pockets to survive the possible price war.


They started out with the great idea of Technogym® Training Institute and added tangible value to their products, ensuring that gym owners perceived their brand as strong and of great quality. To look at product development they went for a vertical integration backward and forward, creating a quality network in terms of relationship marketing as “the quality of relationships [...] differentiate[s] and define[s] the boundaries of the network organization” underlines Achrol (17).


Alliances have been considered an important option for small firms to penetrate foreign markets (Lyles, 10). They defy the well-known theory of market-entry barriers of Porter, since “Companies not even aligned today may prove to be tomorrow’s biggest rival” writes Jordan Lewis .


A collaborative relationship goes from one extreme that is ‘arm’s length’ to the other one which is the ‘vertical integration’. In between there is the partnership. Lambert et al (16) claim that there are three degrees and types of partnership integration


• Type I (short term, limited coordination);


• Type II (long term, from coordination to integration of activities);


• Type III (permanent, each party is an extension of the other one).


Technogym® has chosen the third type, adopting a concept of integrated product . They establish partnerships with every fitness club they deal with, helping them to open. They sell them all the equipment they need with 10% discount (Virgin Active, 00) and they offer a lifetime guarantee, that is technical assistance for free anytime and anywhere. Technogym® agrees with each of its clients ‘sole selling right’ from the outset of the initial sale. Replacement of obsolete machinery or new equipment is arranged through Technogym only.


“[...] the imaginative application of ‘partnership’ can contribute substantially toward customer acquisition, retention and value-enhancement objectives”. (Cornell, 00). Among the crucial elements for partnership to succeed (Barr, 16), leadership, innovation, risk taking and problem solving seem to better suit Technogym®. In a partnership, Technogym® always stays in a position of leadership and, innovation (one of the first company at using CAD Pro/ENGINEER software) has made them stop being follower. Furthermore this year Alessandri has become a new member of the Capitalia board (Calderoni & Serafini, 00). This will certainly mean a better financial availability, so even a stronger positioning for the company.


Concerning distribution, it is a company’s key factor “success will not follow unless this is correct, strong and solidified.” (Kratzman, 00). Direct distribution is the most common way of selling fitness equipment. 51% of the total European market value is realized by direct distribution (www.interconnectionconsulting.com), especially due to the lower costs. An increasing tendency towards direct selling can be expected since the fitness equipment market has high growth potential “Even in difficult economic times, people tend to hang on their health club ticket”, says Byrne (00) so manufacturers achieve critical mass. This growth in sales has made direct distribution vital in such a competitive market this is also a way for big international companies to conquer new markets and establish their brand. Technogym® used distribution agents for foreign markets until 14 (Sumner Smith, 18), then changed over to direct distribution because it is cheaper, provides better service for the customers, is easy to control and “makes no sense using a dealer that sells multiple brands.”, said LifeFitness (18), the American supplier of fitness equipment.


It seems as there has been a Flank attack from Technogym® and a consequent Flank defence (Kotler, 00) carried out by LifeFitness.


Flank attacks are used by challengers with fewer resources and when Technogym® decided to penetrate the US market (17), they had to limit their ambitions, implant a branch and a show room in Seattle but hold back with investment into a production plant, due to lack of financial support from ICE . ICE could not sponsor the enterprise Fitness was considered a too innovative market segment and ICE knew not enough to invest money in it. Thus, they had to set up a joint venture with a local manufacturer, to produce under their brand and to assist clients in their behalf.


Technogym® identified the weak points of its main competitor within a product and a geographical strategic dimension. The American company only focused on a segment of the market producing big volumes; Technogym® went for a wider range of products taking into consideration several niche markets, to satisfy smaller sets of customers who have more defined and/or peculiar combination of needs (Kotler, 1). They spotted the area where the competitor was under-performing, areas neglected by LifeFitness and implemented branches there as follows


EU Italy (headquarter), Germany, Spain, France, UK and Benelux


EAST ASIA Hong Kong


MERCOSUR Brazil (production plant)


NAFTA USA


Also showing to be aware of new geography of FDI being affected by global economy (Dunning, 18) .


For instance Brazil has become a ‘desirable’ market for foreign investors by overcoming both chronic inflation and repeated backsliding over the past 40 years (McCrary, 001). Firstly they pursued a political solution and later an economic one, said Paulo Ferraz .


Technogym® also worked on effective export strategies (Namiki, 188) such as technological superiority and customer service. In point of fact, the use of computers in the Fitness sector is growing fast and it is a way to add value to the basic exercise machine, getting a competitive advantage on the product/service.


People like to exercise but for some it is tedious and customers can feel lost in a gym if they are not supported by professional staff and frustrated when there is a continuous pattern for insufficient staffing Aware of these problems Technogym® tried to make the workouts on its machines more varied and enjoyable (Clafton, 18), including built-in computers that monitor the user’s workout and keep the user entertained. As for the strength machines, the procedure is 1) work out a fitness regimen with a trainer; ) have it transferred to a key. Drop it into a Technogym® machine and follow the customized instructions for the workout. Technogym® machines are


• user-friendly,


• provided with biofeedback to pace the workout.


The technology they adopted, certainly supports the needs of the markets. Customers receive a personal program, they are not frustrated by using difficult machines to handle and downloading the workout information from the key onto a PC, they track their progress, thus, they are kept motivated.


We gather that the company’s functions have been coordinated from the customer’s point of view as suggested by Kotler (00, p.) (see figure B), while a policy of adaptation to foreign markets is considered of less concern. In actual fact, the most successful companies are the ones that change their strategies to meet consumer needs and expectation. Currently, 18% of the business strategies revolve around consumer needs; it is anticipated that soon 50% will focus more on customer needs and retention issues (Andersen, 00).





Figure B Traditional Organization chart versus Modern Customer-Oriented Company Organization chart. (Kotler, 00, p. ).





“THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING ERNEST”


(BRAND AWARENESS IN A BB CONTEXT)


+=5-ism Caving in to a target marketing strategy aimed at oneself after holding out for a long period time. “Oh, all right, I’ll buy your stupid cola. Now leave me alone”.- D. Coupland


In bb markets buying behaviours are a lot more complex than in bc ones. This is due to many factors larger size of the market, low number of customers but with a high average spends. Therefore there would also be two different marketing communication strategies for the two contexts.


In a bb environment communication is characterised by personal selling and very little use of advertising that is also the case of little financial resources and/or a target consumer unreachable through advertising. Hence a below-the-line approach is necessary (Fill, 00). Therewith, many surveys show as advertising is not being considered an important success factor by Italian SMF (Bonaccorsi, 1). Technogym® works in a bb environment and its brand name is aligned with its primary function, so that the consumer perceives both content and positioning of the company (Fill, 00). Their products have turned to be advertising materials they are in corporate colours and contain the logo. They have been promoting their visibility by means of sponsorship; the use of it has become very popular (Miller, 17). They are the official supplier for Ferrari in Formula 1 racing, in the sailing of Prada challenge for America’s Cup and a range of football teams. They were also the Official Supplier of Strength and Cardiovascular Equipment at Olympic Games, Sydney 000. Especially the last one is an effective strategic move, able to strengthen their competitive position in the global market, raising the brand awareness. This way they narrowed down customer choice becoming quite a compulsory option for fitness clubs.


A research, which has not been proved by empirical studies, highlighted as Technogym® had been considered an American company for several years. Even some owners of fitness clubs in Italy, England, Spain and France did think of Technogym® as an American maker. Consumer researches have shown that costumers’ behaviour is affected by intrinsic (product design) and extrinsic (brand name) information cues (Olson & Jacoby, 17). The CO of a product is of great importance as consumers display a preference for products made in some countries more than others (Schooler, 165, 171; Hampton, 177; Baumgartner, & Jolibert, 178; Bannister, & Saunders, 178; Papadopoulos, et al., 187; Samiee, 14).


This could be a key factor as Schooler, (165) demonstrated that identical products in any aspect, except for their CO were evaluated differently by customers . No doubts that “the reputation of some countries appears to enhance the credibility of product groups for which the country is known” (Samiee, 14, p. 5). America has a positive country-image for its fitness equipment, additionally it is a developed country, thus, American products are perceived in a more favourably way than others from other countries (Schooler, 171; Tongberg, 17). On the other hand “industrial buyers tend to be better informed about their purchases than consumers and their decision processes are typically policy-driven and rationalised.” (Samiee, 14, p. 51). The big thing is industrial buyers’ experience with manufacturers and their sourcing countries. In the light of what it has been said, it is wondered how much the presumed “America fame” of Technogym® has affected their brand awareness. Unfortunately no research has been carried out to support either one or the other assumption.


CONCLUSIONS...


The great Tragedy of Science-the slaying of a beautiful hypothesis by an ugly fact. � T.H. Huxley


Technogym® has overcome the problems that small enterprises face in their development, so much that it is able to compete with large enterprises on economies of scale, increasing in importance over the last few decades and aligning with the global phenomenon of small business growth.


Nerio Alessandri’s entrepreneurial aspiration, his willingness, intentions and motivations have been determinant keys not to allow various infrastructures factors to affect its expansion plans (cf. Liao, J., Welsch H.P. & Pistrui, D., 001) such as lack of information on foreign markets, financing and bureaucracy which have been considered the three main obstacles faced by Italian SMFs to exporting.


...AND IMPROVEMENTS


It is unlikely that the fitness market would decline, since “wellness”, once considered a fad, is becoming a way of life. In 00 an estimated 85% of fitness machine sales were in the well-established markets of Western Europe and North America. While some areas are still considered to offer good growth prospects, the previously fast expanding markets of US and UK are showing signs of slowdown, which is why the fitness machine makers will probably gear up to do business elsewhere.


It would be advisable for Technogym® to consider emerging markets such as China (several US-based sports club are moving into China), Eastern Europe and South America. LifeFitness is likely to open a new plant in Hungary. The new factory could position the company for an assault on consumers in the potentially promising region of Eastern Europe (Marsh, 00) this way they may build up entry barriers, conquering the market.


IN DETAILS


China with its 1. billion inhabitants is an inexhaustible source of long-hour working people for low pay (Anon., 00). It is a cheap place to manufacture machines (this is its comparative advantage), therefore consider its potential as an export market and not merely satisfy its internal demand.


Russia has always been a country devoted to sport, the fitness industry is growing and U.S. fitness equipment companies have a low market share; autochthonous manpower is not expensive in a country tried by the long communist experience. Due to a high political risk or, maybe, little knowledge of the market, it would be recommendable to find local partners to work with. They may select local agents (they already used this distribution channel, in the past) or think of join ventures, making sure to be in control and assure the leadership.


Mexico is another lucrative market for exercise equipment. The overall mentioned market is expected to increase at an average annual rate of 5% over the next three years. Imports are expected to grow by 4% by the end of 00 (source Banco Nacional de Comercio Exterior, 1). Domestic production of exercise equipment is almost limited to simple mechanical appliances, so it is not able to supply the market demand (Campos, 1).


Strictly concerning their new product line it has been conceived from a biomechanics point of view. Their safety has been emphasised, on the other hand, some fitness machines are so far away from the ‘imperfect’ physical frame of human beings to be paradoxically unusable (the military press machine and the last generation fitness benches are two eloquent examples).


Moreover, they should improve their CV equipment. LifeFitness has invented a new system for running machines called “FlexDeck® Shock Absorption System”. The shock absorbers allow the deck to flex downward with the force of the user’s foot and then gently upward as the foot is lifted.


In several fitness clubs customers need to book in order to use a LifeFitness running machine as the demand is high and the available machines are not enough to satisfy it. This technology has been available to the markets for some time and it has been proved that it usually takes an average of a week to copy the improvement your competitors do to their products (Haley, 00).





ACHROL, R., 17, in HOOLEY, G.J., SAUNDERS, J.A., PIERCY, N.F., 18. Marketing Strategy & Competitive Positioning. nd ed. Glasgow Prentice Hall Europe. pp.187-8.


AGARWAL, 17 in HUTCHINSON, P., 1. Small enterprise finance, ownership and control. International Journal of Management Reviews, Sept. 1, Vol. 1, Issue , pp. 45.


ALON, I. & MARTIN, M.A., 18. A normative model of macro political risk assessment. Multinational Business Review, Fall 18, Vol. 6, Issue .


ANDERSEN in KRATZMAN, V.A., 00. US Fitness Industry Market, Overview and Entry Strategy. TEKES report, Apr 00.


ANON., 001. E ora Technogym punta sull’HI-TECH. Il Sole 4 Ore, 0th June, p.15.


ANON., 00. Technogym esporta il modello in Brasile. Il Sole 4 Ore, rd July.


ANON., 001. Americans redefine Fitness. Supplement to CBI, June 001, Vol. 8, No. , pp. 1-4.


ANON., 00. The Global Health & Fitness Club Market 00. Diagonal Reports, 00.


ANON., 00. Lavorare con soddisfazione le trenta imprese più votate. Il Sole 4 Ore, 8th Jan.


ANON., 00. Eating your lunch? The Economist, 15th Feb, Vol. 66, Issue 811, p.1.


ARNOLD, D.J. & QUELCH, J.A., 18. New Strategies in Emerging Markets. Sloan Management Review, 18, pp. 7-0.


BAIRD, I.S., LYLES, M.A. & ORRIS, J.B., 14. The choice of International Strategies by small Businesses. Journal of Small Business Management, 14, pp. 44-5.


BARR, N.J., 17. Partnership a people process based on common sense. Journal of Management in engineering, March/April 17, p. 6.


BARTLETT, C.A., & GHOSHAL, S., 18. Managing across Borders The Transnational Solution. rd ed. Boston Harvard Business School Press, pp. 1-.


BOTTOMS, D., 14. Back to the Future. Industry week, rd Oct, pp. 61-6.


BONACCORSI, A., 1. What do we know about Exporting by Small Italian Manufacturing Firms? Journal of International Marketing, Vol. 1, No. , pp. 4-75.


BUGATTI, R. & DI MARTINO, M., 00. CRM e relazione col cliente nell’ottica del valore. Sistemi & Impresa, March 00, No. .


CAITI, M., 00. Intervista a Nerio Alessandri. Technogym, la tecnologia al servizio del benessere. available at www.smau.it, 08/II/00.


CALDERONI, M. & SERAFINI, L., 00. Conferiti a una newco i servizi di back office Bancaroma � Nuove nomine al vertice; Capitalia scorpora l’Informatica. Il Sole 4 Ore, 1st Jan, p. 5.


CAMPOS, C.M., 1. Exercise, Gymnastic & Playground Equipment. ISA (Industrial Sector Analysis), 1st Jan.


CLAFTON, S., 18. Work that Body, Open that Wallet. Business Review Weekly, th Feb, p. 1.


CORNELL, T., 00. A partnership in name only won’t prove a success. The Marketing Society, nd Aug.


CRAIG, C.S. & DOUGLAS S.P., 000. Configural Advantage in Global Markets. Journal of International Marketing, Oct 000, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 6-6.


DOOLE, I. & LOWE, R., 1. International Marketing Strategy. nd ed. London International Thomson Business Press.


DUNNING, J.H., 18. Globalisation and the new geography of Foreign Direct Investment. Oxford Development Studies, Feb 18, Vol. 6, Issue 1.


FILL, C., 00. Marketing Communications. Contexts, Strategies and Applications. rd ed. Glasgow Prentice Hall Europe.


FOA, M., 001. Alessandri, l’imprenditore che fa sudare mezza Europa. Il Giornale, 0th June, pp. 14-15.


HALEY, M., 00, during a lesson of Customer Communication at Nottingham Business School, March 00.


KEEGAN in HELFFERICH, E., HINFELAAR, M. & KASPER, H., 17. Towards a clear terminology on international retailing. The International Review of Retail, July 17, pp. 87-07.


KOBRIN, S.J., 14. Is there a relationship between a geocentric mind-set and a multinational strategy? Journal of International Business Studies, Third quarter 14, pp. 4-511.


KOTLER, P., 001. Kotler on Marketing. London Free Press.


KOTLER, P., 00. Marketing Management. 11th ed. London Prentice Hall International Edition.


KRATZMAN, V.A., 00. US Fitness Industry Market, Overview and Entry Strategy. TEKES report, Apr 00.


LAZEAR, E.P., 1. Globalisation and the Market for Team-Mates. The Economic Journal, March 1, pp. 15-40.


LIAO, J., WELSCH, H.P. & PISTRUI, D., 001. Environmental and Individual Determinants of Enrepreneurial (sic) Growth an empirical examination. Journal of Enterprising Culture, September 001, Vol. , No. , pp. 5-7.


MARSH, P., 00. Makers of gym equipment shape up for strong year Fitness machinery sales are defying the global downturn. Financial Times, 7th Jan, p. 5.


MCCRARY, E.S., 001. Brazil is hot. Global Finance, Jun 001, Vol. 15, Issue 6.


MONTICELLI, F., 17. Technogym cresce in USA con l’Innovazione del Fitness. Il Sole 4 Ore, 7th Feb.


OLSON & JACOBY, 17 in SAMIEE, S., 1. Customer evaluation of products in a global market. Journal of International Business Studies, Third quarter 14, p. 581.


PALICH, L.E. & GOMEZ-MEJIA, L.R., 1. A theory of global strategy and firm efficiencies considering the effects of cultural diversity. Journal of Management, 1, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp.


587-606.


PILL, F.K & HOLWEG, M., 00. Exploring scale. The Advantage of Thinking Small. Mit Sloan Management Review, winter 00, pp. -.


PORTER, 1 in RUGMAN, A.M. & HODGETTS, R.M., 000. International Business. A strategic approach. nd ed. Essex FT, Prentice Hall, p. 48.


RUGMAN, A.M. & HODGETTS, R.M., 000. International Business. A strategic approach. nd ed. Essex FT, Prentice Hall.


SAMIEE, S., 1. Customer evaluation of products in a global market. Journal of International Business Studies, Third quarter 14, pp. 57-604.


SCHOOLER, 165, 171; HAMPTON, 177; BAUMGARTNER, & JOLIBERT, 178; BANNISTER, & SAUNDERS, 178; PAPADOPOULOS, ET AL., 187 in SAMIEE, S., 1. Customer evaluation of products in a global market. Journal of International Business Studies, Third quarter 14, p. 55.


SOBOLEVA, T., 001. U.S. & Foreign Commercial Service. Newly Independent States (BISNIS), 1/IV/001.


SHORT, C., 18. The Meaning of Globalisation for Development Policy. Social Policy and Administration, Dec 18, Vol. , No. 5, pp. 456-6.


SULLIVAN, D., 14. Measuring the Degree of Internationalisation of a Firm. Journal of International Business Studies, Third quarter 14, pp. 5-4.


SUMNER SMITH, D., 18. Survival of the fittest. Sunday Times, 0th Sept.


TINARI, F.D., 186. Macro/Micro � The False Division? Economic Affairs, Aug-Sept 186, pp. 54-57.


TORRA, A., 00. Clic e si naviga nella Palestra Virtuale. La Stampa, 8th Jan, p. 1.


VITALE, L., 00. Ecco le imprese che attirano i talenti. Il Sole 4 Ore, 8th Jan., p. 1.


ZYSMAN, J., 16. The myth of a ‘global’ economy Enduring national foundations and emerging regional realities. New Political Economy, July 16, Vol. 1, Issue .





WEBSITES


www.bisnis.doc.gov, 5/II/00.


www.fitnesstrend.com, 0/IX/00.


www.interconnectionconsulting.com, 0/II/00.


www.lifefitness.com, 05/II/00.


www.marketingandmanagement.com, 6/II/00.


www.technogym.com, 05/II/00.


www.technogym.it, 05/II/00.


www.tradeport.org, 1/II/00.


it.gsmbox.com, 08/II/00.


Please note that this sample paper on Technogym, the wellness company. A critical evaluation is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on Technogym, the wellness company. A critical evaluation, we are here to assist you. Your persuasive essay on Technogym, the wellness company. A critical evaluation will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from livepaperhelp.com and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



Wednesday, June 29, 2011

Feral Cats and their ecological impact

If you order your research paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on Feral Cats and their ecological impact. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality Feral Cats and their ecological impact paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in Feral Cats and their ecological impact, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your Feral Cats and their ecological impact paper at affordable prices with livepaperhelp.com!



Feral Cats (Felis Catis) and Their Role As An Introduced Species





Introduction


Here in Hawai’i there is great concern about the state of our native ecosystem. Many news reports have been done about many of the invasive species that have been allowed to proliferate on our islands. Most of these animals, such as the Coqui frog and Jackson’s Chameleon are “exotic” species that many people recognize as a nuisance. Yet, there is one invasive species that is so familiar to us, we may not even realize the possible threat that it may have on our native ecosystem, as well as the native ecosystems around the world. This animal is none other than the feral cat. Feral cats are offspring of domestic cats born in the wild that are wary of human contact. They are organized individuals that live in family packs; some have even compared them with Lions. This paper discusses the concern surrounding feral cats, the methods of controlling them, examples of feral cat eradication on an island, the problems that can arise after complete eradication, the difficulty in eradicating feral cats on a large land mass, and the ethical controversy on how to control feral cats humanely.


Order Custom Feral Cats and their ecological impact paper


Why the Concern?





Feral cats are excellent predators and have an excellent ability to survive in all types of climates. Feral cat habitats include rainforests, deserts, and alpine areas (Calver et al. 18). They can survive with relatively no drinking water, and feed on a wide variety of smaller vertebrate animals such as birds, rodents, small reptiles, and amphibians (Calver et al. 18). Feral cats make homes out of vacant animal burrows, trees, dense brush, caves, and various vacant areas in urban settings such as dumps, alleyways, shipyards, and abandoned cars (Calver et al. 18). Feral cats breed in the spring through late summer, and a single female can produce up to seven kittens. The cats reach sexual maturity at about one year, and can reproduce continuously until late in their lives (Calver et al. 18).


The major concern about feral cats on islands is that they usually have no natural predators, causing uncontrollable population growth, and severe predation. Even with predators such as the fox, wolf, dingoes, and other large carnivores on larger land masses, the cats have an uncanny ability to maintain stable population numbers. They pose a major threat to native birds as well as small native mammals. It is estimated that feral cats kill an estimated 1 birds per cat per year. There are even human health concerns associated with zoonotic diseases such as rabies, toxoplasmosis, and cat scratch fever (Patronek et al. 18).


Methods of Controlling Feral Cats





There are many methods of controlling feral cat populations, but actual results are variable because of the difficulty in locating many of the cat colonies, and also because of the sheer numbers of cat populations. It is estimated that in the mainland United States alone there are at least 0 million feral cats (Pimental 000). Other problems may arise because some of the methods of control may pose a risk to non-target animals, and even humans (especially children). Even with control programs installed, the actual effectiveness of the methods used are hard to measure because while the number of cats eradicated are known, the numbers still alive are relatively impossible to calculate, especially on large land masses. Methods of control include shooting, trapping (for euthanasia, or spay/neuter trap and release programs), poison baiting, and even virus-vectored immunocontraceptives (Courchamp et al. 000). Designing a control program must also take into account the economics of the methods used. Hunting cats takes considerable man power, and can get quite expensive. Baiting cats with toxins require much less man power, but not only can it affect non target animals, it can also poison indigenous fauna. Calver et al. (16) reported that in Australia, use of the toxin, flouroacetate, after a long period of time caused a high concentration in vegetation, and also in the bodies of dead herbivores. Pet owners should also prevent contributing to the cat population by sterilizing their companion animals, and restricting contact with feral cats because of possible disease transmission. Some have even suggested implementing a night time curfew for domestic cats, and requiring micro chip identification so if the animals are trapped, they can be returned without mistaken euthanasia (Calver et al 18).


Because of some of the negative effects of some of these methods (poison, shooting) the chosen method of use should be well thought out and planned, weighing the possibility of death to other animals, and effects on the environment.


Eradication Programs on Islands





Feral Cats once preyed upon these Frigate birds on Jarvis Island but have been successfully eradicated.


Islands have very fragile ecosystems, and are home to many indigenous, native species. Cats pose a major threat because many of the islands they inhabit are also a home and /or breeding ground for many seabird species, many of whom are threatened or endangered. The seabirds nest on the ground, and cats prey upon young chicks as well as eggs. There have been many eradication programs used on various small islands with relatively no human population. These eradication programs have been effective because of the use of various control methods, which corresponded to the relative densities of the cat populations and other factors such as topography (Carver et al 18).


For example, on Gabo Island, a control program active from 187-11 successfully eradicated the feral cat population. Scientists first tried shooting and trapping, but these attempts proved unsuccessful. The only method that worked on the island was poison-baiting in which dead chicks were inoculated with 1080 toxin and left in cat prone areas (Twyford et al 000).


On Marion Island, located in the Southern Indian Ocean, a few cats were intentionally introduced to control mice at a meteorological station in 14. By 175, the cat population had increased to an estimated 175 feral cats that were preying on burrowing Petrels. The cats were estimated to have killed 450,000 Petrels per year. In order to combat this problem, scientists started an eradication program that spanned from 177-11, when the final cats were eradicated. Unlike Gabo island, shooting and trapping were the most useful methods of control in the beginning of the program. These control methods were coupled with biological control with the feline viral disease Panleukopenia. However, as cat densities diminished, shooting became ineffective and a combination of poison-baiting and trapping replaced it. This program shows how a control program must not only be designed well, but also be modified as time passes and feral cat populations decrease. (Bester et al. 000)


These control programs worked, but these islands had relatively no humans residing on them. Using these control programs as models for islands such as the Hawaiian Islands, may not be feasibly implemented because of the heavy human, as well as domestic pet population. While the various control methods could be used, they would probably have to be used more cautiously.


Controlling Feral Cats on Large Land Masses





While there is no doubt that feral cats do pose a major problem on larger land masses such as Australia and the United States and should be controlled, there is a lack of evidence that proves the cats are directly responsible for the decline in native species numbers. One Australian study showed that the majority of feral cats preyed upon other introduced species such as rabbits, and that native mammals only comprised -40% of the diet (Calver et al. 18). It is not to say that the cats are not responsible for decreases in native species populations, but rather it is harder to determine the effects of the feral cats because of such a large area. In contrast, it was found that feral cats that resided in Australian reserves did hinder attempts to reintroduce some native species into the habitat. This fact alone is argued to be enough reason to control feral cat colonies (Calver et al. 18).


In the United States, there is great concern over health issues in urban areas. There are also concerns with public safety, as some feral cats have reportedly attacked some individuals. Regardless of what the cause, feral cat control is very much needed in all areas. (Patronek 18)


Ethical Issues Involved with Feral Cat Control








Dealing with the objections of cat lovers and regulating domestic pets are a big issue in control programs in areas with human populations. There is great public concern over what kind of method is being used to control the populations. Many people have objected to shooting and poison trapping techniques because they argue that it is cruel and inhumane. It may also put their own animals in danger of accidental death. Using biological control methods is also a concern because of frequent contact between feral cats and domestic animals.


One control method has been utilized in place of some of these controversial methods, and has gained widespread public approval as a better way to deal with feral cats. It is characterized as a trap/sterilize/release program, and while not as rapid as other control methods it seems to be an ethical compromise. The program involves trapping the cats, sterilizing and tagging them (by tattoo or other ID) and releasing them back into the colony. Many programs also feed colonies of cats to help deter them away from preying on wildlife in such high numbers (Patronek 18).


Conclusion


In conclusion, feral cats are a major threat to native ecosystems, and should be controlled. There are many methods of control, and measures should be taken in designing the right control program for certain areas. Factors such as type of land mass (island vs. large land mass), topography, cat population densities, and presence of people and domestic animals should be considered. Care should also be taken in choosing as target- specific a control method as possible. While many control programs are up and running, volunteers are needed everyday to help in the effort of controlling feral cats. Even more importantly, domestic pet owners should responsibly sterilize their animals and limit their geographic movement so as not to contribute to the problem. These measures will greatly improve the current situation, and perhaps save many native wildlife from being lost forever.








Annotated Bibliography


M.C. Calver, D.R. King, D.A. Risbey, J. Short, and L.E. Twig. 18. Ecological Blunders and Conservation The Impact of Introduced Foxes and Cats on Australian Native Fauna. Journal of Biological Education 67-7.


Authors discussed implications that feral cats are responsible for many of the extinctions of native Australian fauna. Methods of control, public opposition, and experimental research is presented.


Twyford, Keith L.; Humphrey, Peter G.; Nunn, Ross P.; Willoughby, Lawson. 000. Eradication of Feral Cats (Felis catus) from Gabo Island, south-east Victoria. Ecological Management and Restoration 1 4-50.


Authors discuss the successful eradication of feral cats on Gabo Island.


Bester, M.N.; Bloomer J.P.; Bartlett, P.A.; Muller, D.D.; van Rooyen, M.; Buchner, H. 000. Final Eradication of Feral Cats from Sub-Antartic Marion Island, Southern Indian Ocean. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 0 5-58.


Authors discuss the effectiveness of techniques used to eradicate feral cat populations on Marion Island.


Courchamp, Franck; Cornell, Stephen J. 000. Virus-Vectored Immunocontraception to Control Feral Cats on Islands A Mathematical Model. Journal of Applied Ecology, 7 0-14.


Authors consider virus-vectored immunocontraception techniques might be effective in eradicating feral cat populations on islands.


Patronek ,GJ. 18. Free-roaming and Feral Cats�their impact on wildlife and human beings. Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association 1 18-6.


Author discusses the various effects of feral cats on human beings and wildlife, discussing zoonotic diseases, spread of feline infections to domestic cats, environmental impact, and methods of control.


Pimental, David. 000. Environmental and Economic Costs of Non-indigenous Species in the United States 10-.


Author discussed impact of non-native species on U.S. wildlife.











Please note that this sample paper on Feral Cats and their ecological impact is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on Feral Cats and their ecological impact, we are here to assist you. Your persuasive essay on Feral Cats and their ecological impact will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from livepaperhelp.com and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



fried green tomatoes

If you order your research paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on fried green tomatoes. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality fried green tomatoes paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in fried green tomatoes, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your fried green tomatoes paper at affordable prices with livepaperhelp.com!



Fried Green Tomatoes at the Whistle Stop Cafe is an engrossing tale told in different voices. It metes out to us pieces of a jigsaw puzzle that come together to show a community of individuals who lived in Depression era Alabama. They exist in an oasis of compassion and tolerance centered on the Whistle Stop Cafe and its two owners, the wild and wilful Idgie and the sweet, centered Ruth.


We see this community back and forth in time and through repeated tragedy, with a strong mix of humour in their daily lives. Its people deal with tough issues - prejudice and discrimination, abuse of women, maiming and murder - with wisdom and pragmatic justice. The picture evolves slowly through the eyes of Evelyn Couch, a middle aged wife and mother, who has always done what was expected of her and lost herself in the process.


Depressed and overweight, Evelyn encounters Ninny Threadgoode while visiting her mother-in-law at an old folks home in the 180s. At first she listens politely but soon looks forward to regular accounts of life and times at the Whistle Stop Cafe. These reminiscences are interspersed with third person accounts of the same events and with delightful tidbits from the Whistle Stop weekly bulletin, that make the characters feel like neighbours.


Evelyn is changed and empowered by Ninnys stories of Idgies exploits. At first, while fighting the hormonal surges of menopause, she develops a fantasy life as Towanda the Avenger (some of whose ideas have a definite appeal) but Evelyn eventually achieves a balance and a strong gratitude towards Ninny, who treats her as a daughter. This is one of the best messages of the book, what the old and seemingly powerless still have to offer us.


Custom writing service can write essays on fried green tomatoes


Fried Green Tomatoes at the Whistle Stop Cafe is an endearing story and a classic. Like Evelyn, any of us will be the better for reading it.





Please note that this sample paper on fried green tomatoes is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on fried green tomatoes, we are here to assist you. Your persuasive essay on fried green tomatoes will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from livepaperhelp.com and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



Tuesday, June 28, 2011

'The formation and dissolution of marriage in early medieval Ireland was shaped with the aim of maximising reproduction.' Is this a fair assessment?

If you order your research paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on 'The formation and dissolution of marriage in early medieval Ireland was shaped with the aim of maximising reproduction.' Is this a fair assessment?. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality 'The formation and dissolution of marriage in early medieval Ireland was shaped with the aim of maximising reproduction.' Is this a fair assessment? paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in 'The formation and dissolution of marriage in early medieval Ireland was shaped with the aim of maximising reproduction.' Is this a fair assessment?, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your 'The formation and dissolution of marriage in early medieval Ireland was shaped with the aim of maximising reproduction.' Is this a fair assessment? paper at affordable prices with livepaperhelp.com!



The formation and dissolution of marriage in early medieval Ireland was shaped with the aim of maximising reproduction. Is this a fair assessment?


This is a fair assessment, as the reality of medieval Irish society, as represented through the Vernacular legal tracts; strongly indicate that the formation and dissolution of marriage was shaped with the aim of maximising reproduction. Legal tracts from early medieval Ireland provide both the ideal and the reality of marriage during the period. The Collectio Canonum Hibernensis, a collection of Canon Laws, gives the ideal of marriage as seen by the Christian Church, while vernacular laws, namely Cáin Lánamna, the Heptads, and Díre tracts, express the realities of the formation and dissolution of marriage in early Irish society. Tatsuki comments on these opposing legal texts saying that the Hibernensis was the basic guide to church administration as well as being a source of moral direction to churchmen and laymen alike. The Irish laws, on the other hand, presuppose a wider application to all of lay society, with few moral overtones. Marriage as described in vernacular law was clearly shaped with the aim of maximising reproduction with the acceptance of polygamy, separation and divorce. However, for the most part, the opposite can be said of Canon Law, under which many of the actualities of marriage in early medieval Irish society were prohibited. In this essay I will examine the treatment of the formation and dissolution of marriage in both the Hibernensis, which portrays the ideal and vernacular laws, which portray the reality of marriage within society.


Canonical rules about sexual conduct…aimed to encourage everyone who could do so to renounce the pursuit of sexual pleasure, and to embrace, instead, a life of perpetual virginity, unblemished by any sexual experience whatever Brundages assessment of Canon Law strongly argues that reproduction was not central to Christian ideals. Two books within Collectio Canonum Hibernensis deal directly with marriage and sexuality, Liber XLV - De quaestionibus mulierum and Liber XLVI - De ratione matrimonii. Liber XLV opens with the phrase that virginity is to be praised in either sex as virginity is the highest state of spirituality available to mankind, while marriage and therefore are clearly not affiliated with the ideal state. Liber XLVI deals specifically with marriage. Under Canon Law marriage is believed to be monogamous, permanent and mutually consensual. Liber XLVI prohibits adultery, polygamy, the existence of concubines, and consanguinity. In this respect, the Hibernensis is certainly not a document that is promoting a society with the aim of maximising reproduction.


While Canon Law emphasised that marriage was a life long contract and that divorce was not accepted, annulments were granted on rare occasions and on limited grounds. One of the grounds on which an annulment was granted was where impotency within the marriage, which had to be proven in order to achieve an annulment. This suggests that while the Christian Church certainly did not shape marriage with the aim of maximising reproduction, they did however, on rare occasions allow for the annulment of marriage where reproduction could not occur.


Order Custom 'The formation and dissolution of marriage in early medieval Ireland was shaped with the aim of maximising reproduction.' Is this a fair assessment? paper


Vernacular law details the actual formation and dissolution of marriage in early medieval society in Ireland. The society represented in vernacular law is a stark contrast to the idealised views represented in the Hibernensis. Cáin Lánamna lists nine various forms of sexual union including those which would have been permanent, semi-permanent and transitory, all of which were recognised as being legitimate unions and contracts, thus demonstrating that this document is a product of a society obsessed with and aimed at maximising reproduction. The first three forms of sexual union listed in Cáin Lánamna are thought to have been the most common in Irish society during the period and were also acceptable under Canon Law. The extensive detail in which Cáin Lánamna enters into in regards to the settling and division of goods following divorce indicates how common divorce was in early medieval Ireland and also as it was so strictly legislated for, this made it easily obtainable. According to �Corráin , the most common form of marriage in early medieval Ireland was lánamnas comthinchur, in which both properties contribute property or goods to the marriage. If the marriage is dissolved, each partner receives back what he or she contributed to the marriage, and any profit form the marriage is divided into thirds, with one-third going to the partner who provided the land, one-third to the partner who provided the cattle and the final third to the partner who provided the labour. If the divorce is fault based, the partner at fault is heavily penalised in the division of the marital profits.


Another element of vernacular law that indicates that the formation and dissolution of marriage in early medieval Ireland was shaped with the aim of maximising reproduction is the presence and acceptance of polygamy in vernacular legal tracts. This is mentioned briefly in Cáin Lánamna and in more detail in the Díre and Heptad law tracts. The Díre lists five forms of wife that were possible under early Irish law. The first of these being the c�tmuinter with sons, who was given the highest legal status and had the closest ties to her husband. After which is a c�tmuinter without sons. Following this there is the ben aititen aranaiscc fine, who is a wife who is accepted and betrothed by her kindred, who is then followed by the ben aititen nad-aurnascar nad-forngarar who is not betrothed and who does not have the permission of her kindred to enter the relationship. The final classification of wife in the Díre is a ben bis for foxul dar apud n-athur no fine, a woman who is abducted against the wishes of her kindred. The Heptads also make reference to the existence of a polygamous society in Ireland in the early medieval period, particularly a commentary to Heptad 6 in which polygamy is fully justified in cases where the c�tmuinter is unable to bear children due to sickness or injury. This again is evident of a society in which the formation and dissolution of multiple marriages was shaped with the aim of maximising reproduction. As Jaski further notes, the Collectio Canonum Hibernensis prohibited polygamy in Irish society however, as the vernacular laws suggests, Canon law did not have that big an influence on society in early medieval Ireland for that prohibition to have an affect.





The dissolution of marriage in early medieval Ireland was also clearly aimed at maximising reproduction. Both the Heptads and Cáin Lánamna list grounds on which fault based divorce could be established, many of which are concerned with sexual or reproductive failings on either party. Cáin Lánamna, for the most part, deals with divorce in terms of the division of property and goods, while the Heptads list the grounds on which either party can sue for divorce. The Heptads state that a woman can divorce her husband if he is impotent, too overweight for sex, homosexual, sterile, and if her husband is a member of holy orders and is therefore unable to reconcile his mutual obligation, namely sexual relations with his wife and his vow of chastity to the Church. Other grounds on which a wife can sue for divorce include if the husband goes on a long journey or pilgrimage whereby he obviously is unable to partake in sexual relations with his wife. Donnacha �Corráin states that A woman may divorce a sexually unsatisfactory husband-one who is sterile, impotent, or homosexual. In the case of the first two the substantive ground for the divorce is that no children can be expected of the marriage. This emphasises the point that the formation and dissolution of marriage was greatly shaped with the aim of maximising reproduction. Similarly many of the grounds on which a man can sue for divorce are based on reproductive failings and provide clear evidence that the dissolution of marriage was shaped with the aim of maximising reproduction. A man could sue for divorce on grounds of infidelity, sterility, abortion, infanticide or if his wife, due to sickness, was unable to produce milk for her offspring. The grounds for fault based divorce in early medieval Ireland indicate that the dissolution of marriage came about largely on the grounds of sexual or reproductive failings, and that the dissolution of marriage was aimed at maximising reproduction.


The provision on temporary separation in the Heptads is yet another example of how the formation and dissolution of marriage was shaped with the aim of maximising reproduction. As with divorce, the majority of grounds for temporary separation were connected with sexual failings within the marriage. Heptad 5 lists eleven circumstances in which temporary separation could occur. Temporary separation could occur in cases where the husband leaves to go on pilgrimage or a long journey, and therefore cannot have sexual relations with his wife and thus reproduce. Also, if either partner is infertile, the other may go to seek child elsewhere. The resulting child is then treated as a child of the marriage. These provisions for temporary separation are examples of how important reproduction was seen to be within both marriage and society.


While marriage and divorce were primarily shaped with the aim of maximising reproduction, there is one common example where reproduction was clearly not the central aim or purpose of the marriage. This is in the case of a female heiress, or banchomarbae, and the form of marriage usually known as lánamnas fir for bantinchur. As Jaski notes, the banchomarbae could only preserve her interest in the land for her children if she married one of her patrilineal relatives, which would usually have been a first or second cousin. In this instance the formation of marriage is shaped with the aim of maintaining inheritance and land rather than reproduction.


In early medieval Ireland, with few exceptions, the formation and dissolution of marriage was shaped with the primary aim of maximising reproduction. The realities of the society are very clearly revealed in vernacular texts such as Cáin Lánamna, the Heptads and Díre law tracts, which detail common practices in regards to the formation and dissolution of marriage, Factors such as polygamy, divorce and temporary separation, for which sexual or reproductive failing provided justification for, allowed for the maximising of reproduction in early Irish society. Canon Law, however, does not place much emphasis on the importance of reproduction. While the annulment of marriage was possible where impotency could be proven, this had more to do with the legal, consensual nature of marriage rather than reproduction and was not a common occurrence . Canon Law emphasised the belief that marriage was an unbreakable, life long, spiritual union. Both the Hibernensis and the various vernacular laws portray the ideal and the reality of early medieval society in Ireland, which in reality was shaped with the aim of maximising reproduction.


BIBLIOGRAPHY


Brundage, J. Sex and Canon Law in Bullough, V & Brundage, J. (eds) Handbook of medieval sexuality (New York & London, 16)


Brundage, J. Law, sex, and Christian society in medieval Europe. (Chicago, 187)


Cosgrove, A. Consent, consummation and indissolubility some evidence from medieval ecclesiastical courts in Documents et Recherch� Bulletin de la soci�t� arch�ologique, historique et g�ographique de Criel, 1075 (11) 4-104


Ginnell, L. The Brehon Laws (nd edition) (Dublin 117)


Jaski, B. Marriage laws in Ireland and on the Continent in the early Middle Ages in C. Meek, M. Simms (eds) The fragility of her sex? Medieval Irish women in their European context (Dublin 16) 16-4


Kelly, F. A guide to early Irish law, Early Irish Law Series (Dublin 188)


�Corráin, D., Women in early Irish society. In D.�Corráin, M. MacCurtáin (eds) Women in Irish Society the historical dimension (Dublin 178) 1-17


�Corráin, D., Marriage in early Ireland in A. Cosgrove (ed) Marriage in Ireland (Dublin 185) 5-4


�Corráin, D., Women and the law in early Ireland in M.ODowd, S. Wichert (eds) Chattel, servant or citizen womens status in the church, state and society (Belfast 15) 45-57.


�Loughlin, T. Marriage and sexuality in the Hibernensis, Peritia 11 (17) 188-06


Tatsuki, A. The early Irish church and marriage an analysis of the Hibernensis Peritia 15 (001) 15-07


Please note that this sample paper on 'The formation and dissolution of marriage in early medieval Ireland was shaped with the aim of maximising reproduction.' Is this a fair assessment? is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on 'The formation and dissolution of marriage in early medieval Ireland was shaped with the aim of maximising reproduction.' Is this a fair assessment?, we are here to assist you. Your persuasive essay on 'The formation and dissolution of marriage in early medieval Ireland was shaped with the aim of maximising reproduction.' Is this a fair assessment? will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from livepaperhelp.com and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



Hard Times

If you order your research paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on Hard Times. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality Hard Times paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in Hard Times, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your Hard Times paper at affordable prices with livepaperhelp.com!



Effect of Time on “Hard Times”


Adam Baumgardner


Hard Times, by Charles Dickens, was a representation of his time. Times were hard for children and adults alike. People who questioned what they were taught, often went through struggles and “hard times.” Eventually, the people who were looked down on were the ones who really helped those in need. Throughout the book, there are many ironic instances.


Thomas Gradgrind was a man built on the idea that facts and statistics were the only truth in life and all that was needed to have a healthy and productive life. The only truth to him was his very own vision of the truth. Simply put, Thomas Gradgrind strived for perfection. He strived to be perfect, which is what his philosophy was based on, and he strived to make his children perfect and not to wonder. He raised his children never to wonder, never to doubt facts and to never entertain any vice or fancy. As soon as Gradgrind’s children were old enough to absorb information, he was feeding them more lessons than they could handle. His children were brought up only knowing one way to live and that was the idea that if it is not fact, then it is false. He was emotionless, as were his children because they were brought up only knowing what they were taught by him. Eventually, as Gradgrind’s children became older, what they were taught began to turn sour in their minds. Tom, Grandgrind’s son, began to despise his father and all that his father had taught him and thus began to rebel. He took to smoking and gambling, which eventually led to his downfall. Tom had grown up to become a sycophantic, self-absorbed parasite. He had turned out the exact opposite as hoped.


Order Custom Essay on Hard Times


Thomas Gradgrind had raised his children never to wonder, but wondering intrigued them. Gradrgind had observed his children peeking into a circus tent because they were curious as to what was inside. The children were scolded for being curious, but seeds were planted into their minds of how there was more to life than what they had been taught. Furthermore, Tom, a usually well-behaved child, began to rebel after this incident. At first, he was rebelling in his mind, but eventually, after Tom moved out of his father’s house, so began his more visible rebellion. Once more, this is exactly what Mr. Gradgrind had tried to avoid while raising his children.


When Tom Gradgrind was in serious trouble because of his gambling debts, he confided in his sister, Louisa. Louisa was brought up to be emotionless and to not feel compassion, concern, or sympathy. But when her brother Tom was in need of his sister’s help, she, for the first time, felt love for her brother.


Josiah Bounderby was a fraud. He had lied about his childhood to make people feel sympathy for him. Josiah Bounderby was a middle aged factory owner who was quite wealthy. Bounderby looked at his workers as “hands.” To him, his workers were nothing more than robots. He felt that he was above them because of his wealth and his position. He thought that the penniless worker had no souls and no feelings. However, as Bounderby later is proved to be a fraud, it turns out that he was at the same level, if not lower, than the people he described that worked for him.


Sissy Jupe, a child who had been scolded for her inability to accept fact over fancy, was not approved by Mr. Gradgrind. He tried everything in his power to make Sissy Jupe more like him, but he could not because she had been raised by loving people who taught her that there is more to life than just statistics. After Sissy Jupe began living with the Grandgrind family, she began to rub off on them. After observing her and her values, the entire Gradgrind family saw that she was a genuinely caring and sympathetic girl and that’s when they started to notice that something about then was flawed; something in their life was missing. Sissy Jupe showed the Gradgrind family what it feels like to love and how it feels to care. A child who was scorned for being herself was teaching a supposed “perfect,” family values they did not possess and they were grateful.


Along with the affects of time on personality and the importance or lack there of for “facts vs. fancy,” there is many references of time to natural time and “man-made” time. Time in the Grindgrind family as well as Coketown is habitual, an example of this is when it is said that “Time went on in Coketown like its own machine.” For the story itself, “Hard Times” moves in natural time, and the seasonal change constitute “the only stand that ever was made against its direful uniformity.” The most obvious example of time passing in “natural time,” is that of the three sections to the story; titled “Sowing,” “Reaping,” and “Garnering.” The three titles represent agriculture and the planting and harvesting process, as they relate to the change of seasons.


Time, and its physical and mental effects on life is a major theme of “Hard Times.” It shows that no matter where your from, what time period you grew up or what life you’ve lived, each person has their own identity and it is easily affected by those of higher persuasions. Self-interest is the downfall of life and the life of those around you influence. The regularity of time in Coketown is changed only by that of the seasonal, or natural time that all get to enjoy and have no influence over.





Please note that this sample paper on Hard Times is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on Hard Times, we are here to assist you. Your persuasive essay on Hard Times will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from livepaperhelp.com and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



Monday, June 27, 2011

the power of non-verbal communication

If you order your research paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on the power of non-verbal communication. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality the power of non-verbal communication paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in the power of non-verbal communication, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your the power of non-verbal communication paper at affordable prices with livepaperhelp.com!



Emotions and thoughts can be expressed non-verbally without using any words. Quintilian and Delsarte talk about the importance of the body language in communication. Their description of gestures involve both daily life and theatrical movement that makes the usage of words unnecessary. While Delsarte claims that movement itself is divided into classifications in terms of the relationship among the body parts, Quintilian considers the significance of the individual body parts as movement. As a result they end up with the same idea, even though they chose different paths to explain non-verbal language.


The common point of both writers is the importance of the meanings of the gestures we make. By saying, “there is nothing more horrible, or deplorable, than a gesture without meaning or purpose,” Delsarte describes his thoughts about the meaningless gestures that do not express a feeling, an emotion, or have a purpose. “…Even speechless animals show anger, joy, or the desire to please by means of eye and other physical indications” says Quintilian to show importance of the meaning of gestures. Animals, which have no other choice to express themselves, make gestures that have meanings all the time. Their gestures are pure and reliable like a baby whose feelings reflect nothing but the truth.


The gestures become more successful in meaning when more than one part of body is used. Quintilian gives the example of using the facial expressions with the tone of the speech, which will increase the effect on the receiver (listener). Delsarte describes a rejecting movement of hand and arm and adds that “using the hand and arm without any other movement in the body elsewhere, would be weak; but add to the movement of the hand and arm a strong opposed movement of the head and upper torso and you produce a stronger expression.” Co-operation of the body parts in expressing ourselves increases the attitude of our response and make a strong affect. Delsarte classifies this under “oppositions” of his three great orders of movement.


The two writers approach to movements and gestures from different views. As known Delsarte classifies the movement in three categories oppositions, parallelisms, and successions. Delsarte gives combinations of movement in terms of their order of moving to show if it is a strong or a weak expression, while Quintilian claims that every kind of co-operated movement of body parts is strong. For instance, according to Delsarte parallel movements of the body parts produce a weak expression. Unlike this claim, Quintilian would call any expression that is expressed by using more than one part of the body a strong expression. The difference between the “weak and strong movements can be best noticed in classic ballet and from the Egyptian wall paintings”


Custom writing service can write essays on the power of non-verbal communication


The effect of the non-verbal language to our lives cannot be ignored. Even though we often do not notice, we use gestures as much as words to make our expressions stronger and to express ourselves better. Delsarte and Quintilian focus on the importance of the meaning of the gestures for people to express their emotions and requests. Although their aim is to make us notice the power of gesture and how to use it, we see that they have different point of views in describing the power of the gestures. Their common idea is gestures and body language is expressive as much as the words or may be more than the words.





Please note that this sample paper on the power of non-verbal communication is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on the power of non-verbal communication, we are here to assist you. Your persuasive essay on the power of non-verbal communication will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from livepaperhelp.com and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



post-MBA short-term goals and post-MBA long-term goal

If you order your research paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on post-MBA short-term goals and post-MBA long-term goal. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality post-MBA short-term goals and post-MBA long-term goal paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in post-MBA short-term goals and post-MBA long-term goal, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your post-MBA short-term goals and post-MBA long-term goal paper at affordable prices with livepaperhelp.com!



My post-MBA short-term goal is to get a position in finance at either an emerging technology company of information technology or telecommunication, or an investment bank that finances start-up companies of high technology.


I am specifically interested in the finance, because venture capital is one of the core parts of a successful business plan that will lead to sustainable growth. I believe the Pacific Rim has the largest market of unmet technological needs, where can help me to get the hands-on pragmatic experience in the field of entrepreneurship. Even though I have accumulated strong professional experiences in information technology, I need an advanced training in finance and its management in order to make effective decisions across an entire organization, from finance to marketing and sales.


My post-MBA long-term goal is to become a CEO in a telecom and/or IT company. I will try to establish an R&D enterprise in the information technology or a small to medium sized new value-added service operator to focusing on the MVNO (Mobile Virtual Network Operator) market in mobile communication in China. In order to pursue this goal, I would like to enroll in a business school that emphasizes entrepreneurship in the high-tech industry and cutting-edge knowledge of telecom management.


My career goals have been slowly shaped by my 1 years professional experience. I have worked from a market representative, project leader to now as the executive manager and sales director. I have demonstrated my leadership and perfected my communication skills. I am confident that I can best achieve my goals through the advanced education provided at Marshall. I realize that the strength in general management and entrepreneurial studies and telecom management, combined with its focus on the West Coast, exactly mirrors my aspirations. These strengths are evident not only in the curriculum, but also in the Prime Program, through which I plan to return to China.


Buy post-MBA short-term goals and post-MBA long-term goal term paper


Moreover, my post-MBA short-term goals demonstrate that I am aware that textbooks are not the most critical component of an MBA program; contact with real business people is just as vital. The large population of international students and strong alumni base are especially conducive to forming lasting friendships and developing business ventures. Finally the school¡¯s proximity to Los Angeles and Silicon Valley will give me access to one of the largest concentrations of technology companies in the world. It also allows me to be closer to my friends who also have the similar long-term career goal of mine.


If I work in a corporate finance position at a high technology company at start-up, I will endeavor to practice the skills required to recognize opportunity, develop a business concept, test that concept through feasibility analysis, and write a comprehensive business plan. If I work in an investment bank facing high technology start-ups, I will be trained on the entrepreneurial skill set applied to finding and selecting new venture investment opportunities from the business plan reader¡¯s point of view, and building a relationship with the principals, structuring the investment, adding value as a non-executive manager, and realizing the value of that investment.





Please note that this sample paper on post-MBA short-term goals and post-MBA long-term goal is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on post-MBA short-term goals and post-MBA long-term goal, we are here to assist you. Your persuasive essay on post-MBA short-term goals and post-MBA long-term goal will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from livepaperhelp.com and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



Sunday, June 26, 2011

Gas is too high

If you order your research paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on Gas is too high. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality Gas is too high paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in Gas is too high, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your Gas is too high paper at affordable prices with livepaperhelp.com!






Considering the high expenses of buying a new automobile is it fare that gasoline prices should be as high as they are? Is it fare that we must spend large amounts of money purchasing an automobile that will in turn break us up paying for the fuel it takes to keep one running? Travel is one of the most important aspects of life. In order to get to work, home, or any other destination we must go, we must have means of getting from one place to another. Gasoline is a key component in allowing us to travel. In order for our automobiles to run, they must have fuel, but gas prices are so expensive that they alone are enough to break someone up. A problem that seems too only be getting worse. With each year these prices continuing to rise, all that is happening is that we are paying more for less. To make matters even worse, during particular times and seasons of the year the prices rise even more. It’s almost as if gas companies seem to punish travelers during the holiday and vacation seasons. All though there seems to be no clear solution to this problem, they’re one thing that could happen to perhaps correct this. Simply for the gas companies to wake up and realize what they are doing.


This is a simple lesson in common sense. For I ask what would happen if gas prices were to lower. It’s simple, the gas industry would be booming with more consumer buying larger amounts of gasoline. The industry would be bringing in more revenue on a day to day basis. Thus making them richer which is there goal anyhow. Which then in turn makes everyone happy. The industry pockets stay full, and the everyday traveler would be able to fill his or her automobile up a little cheaper saving money for yet another product that they may need.




Order Custom Gas is too high paper
Please note that this sample paper on Gas is too high is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on Gas is too high, we are here to assist you. Your persuasive essay on Gas is too high will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from livepaperhelp.com and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



Diversity

If you order your research paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on Diversity. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality Diversity paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in Diversity, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your Diversity paper at affordable prices with livepaperhelp.com!



In my life, diversity plays a very important role. Ever since I was in third grade, I can remember wanting to be different than everyone else in my class, and I still feel to this day it is important to be “me”. My definition of DIVERSITY is the variety of having different characteristics to a single human being. It may sound a little wordy so I am going to break it down. What I am implying is that people come from different places in the world which allows them to become accustom to their own cultures. This usually allows each individual to be different. They could look different, dress different, eat different food, talk different, listen to different kinds of music, etc, etc, etc. Personally, I enjoy living on a “diverse campus” because it allows me to learn about other people’s lifestyles and cultures.


The reading that I chose to write about was Miss America Contest Proves Diverse. The article addressed that The Miss America Pageant will be held next weekend, and was talking about how diverse the competition was going to be this year. Miss Alaska is an Inupiaq Eskimo, Miss South Dakota is a Lakota Sioux and Miss Delaware is of Indian decent. The pageant will also include six African Americans, and the show will be emceed by an African American for the first time in the pageant’s history. They stated that “This multiculturalism is a recent development for an event that for more than thirty years excluded minorities of any kind”, which proves to be true with the fact supporting that in 150, rule number seven in the contestant contracted stated that the contestants who were going to be involved with the pageant had to be in good health and be white. The article goes on to explain that when the pageant first started, city firefighters were to chauffeur contestants around town. The African American firemen/women were not allowed to do this procedure simply because they were not of the white race. In 158, the trend broke and African Americans were allowed to participate in the pageant and chauffeur the contestants around. In 170, Cheryl Browne of Iowa was the first African American to be crowned Miss America.







Order custom research paper on Diversity
Please note that this sample paper on Diversity is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on Diversity, we are here to assist you. Your persuasive essay on Diversity will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from livepaperhelp.com and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!